The Key to Employee Motivation: A Competitive Leadership Approach
Keywords:Employee Motivation, Leadership Behavior, Self-Determination Theory, Management
This article reviews current leadership practices and their impact on employee motivation. A competitive leadership approach based on Ryan and Deci’s self-determination theory is suggested as the foundation to enhance employee motivation. According this theory, individuals seek to meet the primary psychological needs of relatedness, competence and autonomy (Deci & Ryan, 2000). To foster relatedness in employees, leaders should develop a meaningful purpose and shared values; model behavior, show involvement and build relationships. By setting goals as well as recognizing and challenging employees, leaders develop competence in their employees. Lastly, leaders foster autonomy by empowering their employees. By satisfying the needs of relatedness, competence and autonomy, employees will be more innovative, motivated and productive. Employees will also be happier and less likely to leave the organization.
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Copyright (c) 2021 Katharina Tesmer, Carolyn Oxenford
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